by Allen Wyatt
(last updated July 2, 2018)
Joe uses the EOMONTH function quite frequently, but since he moved up to Excel 2007 he has had problems. Joe has the Analysis ToolPak active and the EOMONTH function works, at first. However, when he saves his workbook and opens it later, the cells containing the EOMONTH function look fine until you click on them. Then the formula bar shows #N/A. The formula has disappeared. Analysis ToolPak is still active when this happens. This does not happen on every occasion, but it is too frequent to ignore. Also, Joe has a colleague who is experiencing the same problem with his workbooks.
This problem with EOMONTH apparently occurs because of changes made in the EOMONTH function in later versions of Excel (Excel 2007 and later). In earlier versions of Excel (Excel 2003 and before) EOMONTH was part of the Analysis ToolPak. In the later versions of Excel the ToolPak is no longer required; the function is part of Excel itself. In other words, you don't need to have the Analysis ToolPak activated in order to use EOMONTH.
This leads to the problem. If you have a workbook created in an earlier version of Excel and you open it using the compatibility mode in a later version of Excel, the workbook formulas are evaluated and, under some circumstances, the internal "tokens" used for functions are updated. When the workbook is saved and back out of, the updated token is stored in the workbook and, when the workbook is reloaded, the token now points to what Excel interprets as an invalid function.
Microsoft hasn't posted anything in their Knowledge Base about this error as of yet. The problem seems to be intermittent (as Joe noted), affecting a workbook only after it has gone through between four and eight open/edit/save cycles.
The solution is to open the workbook and, if the problem is not manifested, use Save As to save the workbook in native Excel format. (Well, in the Excel format native to Excel 2007 through Excel 2016.) Since compatibility mode is not involved from that point on, the problem should not occur again. If the problem is manifested, then you will need to correct and rebuild the workbook.
If it is not possible for you to save the workbook in Excel's current native format (perhaps you need to use the older Excel format in order to work with others who have not updated their program), then you should consider not relying on the EOMONTH function. Instead, use a formula such as either of the following:
If you prefer, you can create your own user-defined function to calculate the last day of a month. The following is one approach:
Function LastOfMonth(Any_Date As Date) As Date ' Returns the date of the last day of ' the month of the passed date argument LastOfMonth = DateAdd("d", -1, _ DateAdd("m", 1, Month(Any_Date) _ & "/1/" & Year(Any_Date))) End Function
You'll want to make sure that you pass the function a valid date, either by referencing a date in a cell or by enclosing a literal date within quote marks. Assuming cell B7 contains the date 10/15/18, both of the following will return the same result:
ExcelTips is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Excel training. This tip (6613) applies to Microsoft Excel 2007, 2010, 2013, and 2016.
Professional Development Guidance! Four world-class developers offer start-to-finish guidance for building powerful, robust, and secure applications with Excel. The authors show how to consistently make the right design decisions and make the most of Excel's powerful features. Check out Professional Excel Development today!
The PROPER worksheet function is used to change the case of text so that the first letter of each word is capitalized. If ...Discover More
Normally the VLOOKUP function returns a value, and if it can't return a value it returns a zero. Here's how you can use ...Discover More
Want to figure a date a certain number of months in the future or past? The EDATE function may be just what you need for ...Discover More
FREE SERVICE: Get tips like this every week in ExcelTips, a free productivity newsletter. Enter your address and click "Subscribe."
Got a version of Excel that uses the ribbon interface (Excel 2007 or later)? This site is for you! If you use an earlier version of Excel, visit our ExcelTips site focusing on the menu interface.