 Please Note: This article is written for users of the following Microsoft Excel versions: 2007, 2010, 2013, and 2016. If you are using an earlier version (Excel 2003 or earlier), this tip may not work for you. For a version of this tip written specifically for earlier versions of Excel, click here: An Average that Excludes Zero Values.

# An Average that Excludes Zero Values by Allen Wyatt
(last updated October 28, 2017)

Veronica knows how to use the AVERAGE function to determine the average of a range of values. She would like to have the average determined based on the non-zero values in the range, however.

The worksheet function most suited to this purpose is to use AVERAGEIF. You can use it in this manner:

```=AVERAGEIF(A1:A50,">0")
```

This function only includes in the average those cells that contain values greater than zero. If you want to also exclude blank cells, you should use the AVERAGEIFS function. This function differs from AVERAGEIF in that it allows you to specify multiple criteria that indicate which cells to average.

```=AVERAGEIFS(A1:A50,A1:A50,">0",A1:A50,"<>""")
```

Of course, if you want to approach the problem "old school" (without using AVERAGEIF or AVERAGEIFS), then there are several ways you can proceed. The first is to remember how an average is calculated. It is defined as the sum of a range of values divided by the number of items in the range. Thus, you could figure the exclusionary average by simply making sure that the denominator (the number you are dividing by) does not include any zero values. For instance:

```=SUM(A1:A50)/COUNTIF(A1:A50,"<>0")
```

This approach uses the COUNTIF function to determine the number of cells in the range (A1:A50) that don't contain zero. If this range contains not only zeros but also blank cells, and you don't want the blank cells figured into the result, then you need to use a more complex formula:

```=SUM(A1:A50)/(COUNTIF(A1:A50,"<>0")-COUNTBLANK(A1:A50)-
(COUNTA(A1:A50)-COUNT(A1:A50)))
```

The COUNTIF function counts cells that do not explicitly evaluate to 0, but it will count blank and text cells. The COUNTBLANK term adjusts for the blank cells and the difference between COUNTA and COUNT adjusts the total count for cells that contain text.

Of course you can also use an array formula to do your calculation:

```=AVERAGE(IF(A1:A50<>0,A1:A50))
```

Remember that array formulas need to be entered by using the combination Ctrl+Shift+Enter. This array formula also excludes blanks or cells containing text.

All in all it is easier to use the AVERAGEIF or AVERAGEIFS functions. When would you not want to use them? When you need to share your workbook with users of Excel versions prior to Excel 2007. (This is when the functions were added to Excel.)

ExcelTips is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Excel training. This tip (7729) applies to Microsoft Excel 2007, 2010, 2013, and 2016. You can find a version of this tip for the older menu interface of Excel here: An Average that Excludes Zero Values.

##### Author Bio

Allen Wyatt

With more than 50 non-fiction books and numerous magazine articles to his credit, Allen Wyatt is an internationally recognized author. He is president of Sharon Parq Associates, a computer and publishing services company. ...

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What is two more than 3?

2019-09-30 11:25:51

Roy

@C Lee:

Either I greatly misunderstand your desire, or there is a simple solution. Just SUMPRODUCT() the two columns and div ide by the SUM() of the first column. (Multiply each pairing of shares purchased by their purchase price, then divide by the total number of shares considered.)

Price blanks take care of themselves as their product is \$0. Share blanks do the same. Naturally, if there is an error in the data, like 100 shares at \$0 instead of some real price, well, those errors destroy any other approaches as well. You might wish to put in checks on the possiblities.

It really doesn't seem more complex than that. Same basic thing for any method of choosing some vs. all of the five (or 5,000 if desired) pairings.

2019-04-27 08:55:19

Steve

If you can add 1 or 2 helper columns then the following formulas should do what you want. All you need to do is add an * in the helper column in the row you want to include within your average.=AVERAGEIFS(C3:C20,C3:C20,">"&0,D3:D20,"*") - 1 helper column required, it could be anywhere on your sheet.if you have an older version of Excel that doesn't support Averageifs - pre 2007 - then use 2 helper columns, 1 of which is automatic once setup and use either of the following formulas,=SUMPRODUCT(C3:C20,--(D3:D20="*"))/SUM(E3:E20)=SUMIF(D3:D20,"*",C3:C20)/SUM(E3:E20)the formula in the 2nd helper column is =IF(AND(D3="*",C3>0),1,"") formula in E3[{fig}]This method avoids missing out cells in the formula to calculate the average & if you need to change the cells included within the average calculation all you need to do is add or remove the * from the helper column.HTH

2019-04-26 19:44:41

Peter

Pablo,
Here is a formula version using the range from C9 to C27 so 10 values. just change the row numbers. Notice that the count in the combined formula is enclosed in brackets

(see Figure 1 below) Figure 1. Formulas

2019-04-25 20:08:04

Peter Atherton

PABLO
Here is a shorter version, no need to have a range.

Function AvgNonContig2(ParamArray args() As Variant) As Variant
Dim mysum As Double, counter As Integer
Dim i As Long
For i = 0 To UBound(args)
If IsError(args(i)) Then
AvgNonContig2 = args(i)
Exit Function
End If
If IsNumeric(args(i)) And args(i) > 0 Then
mysum = mysum + args(i)
counter = counter + 1
End If
Next i
AvgNonContig2 = mysum / counter
End Function

Entered in the same way as before.

2019-04-25 19:03:50

Peter Atherton

PABLO

If there is no formula answer to this you migth linke this UDF

Function AvgNonContig(ParamArray args() As Variant) As Double
Dim c As Range, mysum As Double, counter As Integer
Dim i As Long, tmpRng As Range
For i = 0 To UBound(args)
Select Case TypeName(args(i))
Case "Range"
Set tmpRng = Intersect(args(i).Parent.UsedRange, args(i))

For Each c In tmpRng
mysum = mysum + c
If c > 0 Then
counter = counter + 1
End If
Next
End Select
Next i
AvgNonContig = mysum / counter
End Function

Enter is as
=AvgNonContig(C9, C17, C25, C33, C41, C49, C57, C65, C73, C81)

HTH
Peter

2019-04-24 10:32:28

PABLO RODE

What if you are trying to get an average excluding 0 values or blank cells and the range is derived from a non-consecutive set of cells within a column? For example, I want to get the average of cells C9, C17, C25, C33, C41, C49, C57, C65, C73, C81 excluding 0 values or blank cells. The cells between these include numerical information that I do not want included in the average and the C9:C81 command would include them.

=AVERAGEIF(A1:A50,">0")

or

=SUM(A1:A50)/COUNTIF(A1:A50,"<>0")

These both would not work because of the non-consecutive cells that I am using in a column for the data.

2018-10-10 09:40:03

Ismail

Thank you!!!! This solved my formula problem!!!!

2018-06-16 18:56:37

C Lee

Soooooo...let's say that I am setting up a simple average cost of stock shares purchased with a different number of shares bought at different prices. In column A rows 2 through 6 the # of shares is entered and in column B in rows 2 through 6 the price of those shares bought is entered.

A B
# of shares bought Price
100 14.25
200 14.75
500 13.22
blank blank
blank blank

If there were only three entries allowed and all three entries for the # of shares bought and price had to be filled in the formula would be the following:
=SUMPRODUCT( A2:A4, B2:B4 ) / SUM( B2:B4 )

But, if I want to allow for up to 5 buys and sometimes only needed 3 buys how do I not count the remaining 2 buys if those cells are blank?

Apparently, there is no SUMPRODUCTIFS to use as

=SUMPRODUCTIFS( A2:A6, A2:A6,">0",A2:A6,"<>""",B2:B6,B2:B6,">0",B2:B6,"<>""") / SUM( B2:B6,B2:B6,">0",B2:B6,"<>""")

Getting the #NAME? for this....

Any thoughts???

2018-03-14 14:20:36

Lance

What if you are trying to get an average excluding 0 values or blank cells and the range is derived from a non-consecutive set of cells within a column? For example, I want to get the average of cells C9, C17, C25, C33, C41, C49, C57, C65, C73, C81 excluding 0 values or blank cells. The cells between these include numerical information that I do not want included in the average and the C9:C81 command would include them.

=AVERAGEIF(A1:A50,">0")

or

=SUM(A1:A50)/COUNTIF(A1:A50,"<>0")

These both would not work because of the non-consecutive cells that I am using in a column for the data.

2017-12-14 11:44:00

Flux Capacitor

How would I use AVERAGEIF in combination with the SUBTOTAL function, to dynamically calculate the average of non-zero values depending on filter selections?

2017-10-28 07:42:07

Elliot Penna

Great to know about the AVERAGEIF function! It seems to already exclude cells with blanks, text, and zeroes, simply with the format of:

=AVERAGEIF([range],">0") or =AVERAGEIF([range],"<>0")

No coding calisthenics required! At least not with my version of Excel (2010).

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