Please Note: This article is written for users of the following Microsoft Excel versions: 2007, 2010, 2013, 2016, 2019, and Excel in Office 365. If you are using an earlier version (Excel 2003 or earlier), this tip may not work for you. For a version of this tip written specifically for earlier versions of Excel, click here: Creating a Directory in a Macro.

Creating a Directory in a Macro

by Allen Wyatt
(last updated July 2, 2018)

1

If you need to, you can create a disk-drive directory (folder) using VBA. This is done with the MkDir command, and is a remnant from the same command in earlier versions of BASIC. The syntax is:

MkDir DirName

where DirName is the full pathname of the directory you want to create. If you do not use a string variable to specify the directory name, then DirName must be enclosed in quotes. You might want to use this command if you want to create a directory where you can store temporary files you are building with your macro.

Note:

If you would like to know how to use the macros described on this page (or on any other page on the ExcelTips sites), I've prepared a special page that includes helpful information. Click here to open that special page in a new browser tab.

ExcelTips is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Excel training. This tip (8851) applies to Microsoft Excel 2007, 2010, 2013, 2016, 2019, and Excel in Office 365. You can find a version of this tip for the older menu interface of Excel here: Creating a Directory in a Macro.

Author Bio

Allen Wyatt

With more than 50 non-fiction books and numerous magazine articles to his credit, Allen Wyatt is an internationally recognized author. He is president of Sharon Parq Associates, a computer and publishing services company. ...

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Comments

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What is 8 - 1?

2013-09-03 08:42:37

Bryan

I thought this tip sounded familiar, and I could have sworn I wrote comments on it before. The Google cached version of this page (http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:LfjdydhpuroJ:excelribbon.tips.net/T008851_Creating_a_Directory_in_a_Macro.html+&cd=1&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us) in fact shows three comments:

Barry Fitzpatrick 17 Jul 2013, 09:52

If you do not use the full path name then the folder will be created in whatever the "current directory" happens to be.

The current directory/folder can be found by the VBA command "CurDir" which returns the full pathname to the current directory.

The "current directory" can be changed using the "ChDir path" command.

Other Methods such as .SaveAs if the full path is not specified will save to the "currect directory" also.

Bryan 17 Jul 2013, 07:24

It didn't like my backslashes for some reason... you will have to use your imagination.

Bryan 17 Jul 2013, 07:22

Note that you can't create an entire directory tree in one go with MkDir. If you already have C:Folder1 and you want to create C:Folder1Folder2Folder3 you have to run MkDir twice:

MkDir "C:Folder1Folder2"
MkDir "C:Folder1Folder2Folder3"

Also, if you try to create a directory that already exists, you will get an error.


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