Please Note: This article is written for users of the following Microsoft Excel versions: 2007 and 2010. If you are using an earlier version (Excel 2003 or earlier), this tip may not work for you. For a version of this tip written specifically for earlier versions of Excel, click here: Creating a Directory in a Macro.

Creating a Directory in a Macro

by Allen Wyatt
(last updated May 12, 2016)


If you need to, you can create a disk-drive directory (folder) using VBA. This is done with the MkDir command, and is a remnant from the same command in earlier versions of BASIC. The syntax is:

MkDir DirName

where DirName is the full pathname of the directory you want to create. If you do not use a string variable to specify the directory name, then DirName must be enclosed in quotes. You might want to use this command if you want to create a directory where you can store temporary files you are building with your macro.

ExcelTips is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Excel training. This tip (8851) applies to Microsoft Excel 2007 and 2010. You can find a version of this tip for the older menu interface of Excel here: Creating a Directory in a Macro.

Author Bio

Allen Wyatt

With more than 50 non-fiction books and numerous magazine articles to his credit, Allen Wyatt is an internationally recognized author. He  is president of Sharon Parq Associates, a computer and publishing services company. ...


Eliminating "Before Spacing" at the Top of a Page

When formatting paragraphs in Word, you have several options to adjust the spacing before, within, and at the end of each ...

Discover More

Putting Something in Every Cell of a Table

Need to make sure that all the cells of a table have something in them? It's easy to do with a handy little macro.

Discover More

Making Language Changes Apply to Text in Footnotes and Text Boxes

Word allows you to modify the language associated with the text in your document. How you modify the language can affect ...

Discover More

Create Custom Apps with VBA! Discover how to extend the capabilities of Office 2013 (Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Outlook, and Access) with VBA programming, using it for writing macros, automating Office applications, and creating custom applications. Check out Mastering VBA for Office 2013 today!

More ExcelTips (ribbon)

Automating Copying Macros

You can manually copy macros from one workbook to another, but what if you want to automate the copying process? Here's ...

Discover More

Forcing a Macro to Run when a Worksheet is Recalculated

Normally a macro is only calculated when you specifically tell Excel to calculate it. Some macros need to be calculated ...

Discover More

Digital Signatures for Macros

The security features built into Excel allow you to digitally sign your macros so that users can rest assured that they ...

Discover More

FREE SERVICE: Get tips like this every week in ExcelTips, a free productivity newsletter. Enter your address and click "Subscribe."

View most recent newsletter.


If you would like to add an image to your comment (not an avatar, but an image to help in making the point of your comment), include the characters [{fig}] in your comment text. You’ll be prompted to upload your image when you submit the comment. Maximum image size is 6Mpixels. Images larger than 600px wide or 1000px tall will be reduced. Up to three images may be included in a comment. All images are subject to review. Commenting privileges may be curtailed if inappropriate images are posted.

What is 1 + 5?

2013-09-03 08:42:37


I thought this tip sounded familiar, and I could have sworn I wrote comments on it before. The Google cached version of this page ( in fact shows three comments:

Barry Fitzpatrick 17 Jul 2013, 09:52

If you do not use the full path name then the folder will be created in whatever the "current directory" happens to be.

The current directory/folder can be found by the VBA command "CurDir" which returns the full pathname to the current directory.

The "current directory" can be changed using the "ChDir path" command.

Other Methods such as .SaveAs if the full path is not specified will save to the "currect directory" also.

Bryan 17 Jul 2013, 07:24

It didn't like my backslashes for some reason... you will have to use your imagination.

Bryan 17 Jul 2013, 07:22

Note that you can't create an entire directory tree in one go with MkDir. If you already have C:Folder1 and you want to create C:Folder1Folder2Folder3 you have to run MkDir twice:

MkDir "C:Folder1Folder2"
MkDir "C:Folder1Folder2Folder3"

Also, if you try to create a directory that already exists, you will get an error.

This Site

Got a version of Excel that uses the ribbon interface (Excel 2007 or later)? This site is for you! If you use an earlier version of Excel, visit our ExcelTips site focusing on the menu interface.

Newest Tips

FREE SERVICE: Get tips like this every week in ExcelTips, a free productivity newsletter. Enter your address and click "Subscribe."

(Your e-mail address is not shared with anyone, ever.)

View the most recent newsletter.