Please Note: This article is written for users of the following Microsoft Excel versions: 2007, 2010, 2013, and 2016. If you are using an earlier version (Excel 2003 or earlier), this tip may not work for you. For a version of this tip written specifically for earlier versions of Excel, click here: Counting with Subtotals.

# Counting with Subtotals

by Allen Wyatt
(last updated January 2, 2018)

Suppose that you have two adjacent columns of data. In the first column you have a list of names and in the second column a list of states. If you want to find out how many people live in each state, you can use the subtotaling features of Excel. To use this feature to answer your query, follow these steps:

1. Make sure there are column heads on each column, such as "Name" and "State." (The subtotaling feature requires the presence of column heads.)
2. Sort the columns by the values in the second (states) column.
3. Make sure one of the cells is still selected in either of the columns.
4. Display the Data tab of the ribbon.
5. In the Outline group click the Subtotal tool. Excel displays the Subtotal dialog box. (See Figure 1.)
6. Figure 1. The Name/State Fields of the Subtotal dialog box.

7. Make sure the At Each Change In drop-down list is set to State. (Use the name of the second column.) This indicates where Excel will insert subtotals.
8. The Use Function drop-down list should be set to Count.
9. Using the list in the Add Subtotal To box, choose the columns to which subtotals should be added.
10. Make sure the Summary Below Data check box is selected.
11. Click on OK.

ExcelTips is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Excel training. This tip (8035) applies to Microsoft Excel 2007, 2010, 2013, and 2016. You can find a version of this tip for the older menu interface of Excel here: Counting with Subtotals.

##### Author Bio

Allen Wyatt

With more than 50 non-fiction books and numerous magazine articles to his credit, Allen Wyatt is an internationally recognized author. He  is president of Sharon Parq Associates, a computer and publishing services company. ...

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What is seven less than 9?

2018-01-02 06:46:39

Paul Seaman

Excel's counting functions do not count blank cells.

To be sure your subtotal count is correct, in step 8 choose the same column you chose in step 6 (so in Allen's example choose "State" in both steps).

In Allen's example, this will correctly count how many times each state appears in the "State" column, regardless of whether there are any blanks in the "Name" column

2018-01-02 05:37:08

Henk

Hi there, it does not work in tables or with tables.

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