Please Note: This article is written for users of the following Microsoft Excel versions: 2007, 2010, and 2013. If you are using an earlier version (Excel 2003 or earlier), this tip may not work for you. For a version of this tip written specifically for earlier versions of Excel, click here: Determining Differences Between Dates.
by Allen Wyatt
(last updated October 23, 2017)
When you are programming Excel macros, you should know that dates are stored internally, within variables, as serial numbers. The serial number represents the number of days elapsed since a starting "base date," specifically since 1 January 100. This means that you can perform math with the serial numbers, if desired. You can, for instance, find the number of days between two dates by simply subtracting the dates from each other.
If you want to get fancier in your date calculations, you can use the DateDiff function. This function allows you, for instance, to determine the number of weeks or months between two dates. In order to use the function to find this type of information, you would do as follows:
iNumWeeks = DateDiff("ww", dFirstDate, dSecondDate) iNumMonths = DateDiff("m", dFirstDate, dSecondDate)
The first line determines the number of weeks between the two dates, and the second determines the number of months between them.
Remember that the DateDiff function is a macro (VBA) function, not a worksheet function. Excel handles a range of dates in worksheets that begin with January 1, 1900. In VBA, however, dates can begin (as already noted) in the year 100. That means that macros can handle a much larger range of dates, including dates prior to those handled natively by Excel.
ExcelTips is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Excel training. This tip (9046) applies to Microsoft Excel 2007, 2010, and 2013. You can find a version of this tip for the older menu interface of Excel here: Determining Differences Between Dates.
Excel Smarts for Beginners! Featuring the friendly and trusted For Dummies style, this popular guide shows beginners how to get up and running with Excel while also helping more experienced users get comfortable with the newest features. Check out Excel 2013 For Dummies today!
What is a macro? Ever wonder what these are and how to use them? This tip answers the basics of what a macro is used for, ...Discover More
When you use macros to create functions, you might want to share those functions with others—particularly if they ...Discover More
Need to click on a cell and have it replaced with an "X"? Macros make it easy to do, as illustrated in this tip.Discover More
FREE SERVICE: Get tips like this every week in ExcelTips, a free productivity newsletter. Enter your address and click "Subscribe."
Got a version of Excel that uses the ribbon interface (Excel 2007 or later)? This site is for you! If you use an earlier version of Excel, visit our ExcelTips site focusing on the menu interface.