Please Note: This article is written for users of the following Microsoft Excel versions: 2007, 2010, 2013, 2016, 2019, and Excel in Office 365. If you are using an earlier version (Excel 2003 or earlier), this tip may not work for you. For a version of this tip written specifically for earlier versions of Excel, click here: Swapping Two Strings.

Swapping Two Strings

by Allen Wyatt
(last updated November 22, 2014)

2

If you do any serious macro programming, there will eventually come a time when you want to swap the values in two strings. In some versions of BASIC, there are commands that handle this, but there isn't in VBA. The following very simple technique should do the trick for most people:

TempString = MyString1
MyString1 = MyString2
MyString2 = TempString

When completed, the values in MyString1 and MyString2 have been swapped, and TempString doesn't matter, since it was intended (by this technique) as a temporary variable anyway.

If you prefer to not use a temporary variable (for whatever reason), you could use the following code to swap two strings:

MyString1 = MyString1 & MyString2
MyString2 = Left(MyString1, Len(MyString1) - Len(MyString2))
MyString1 = Right(MyString1, Len(MyString1) - Len(MyString2))

Note:

If you would like to know how to use the macros described on this page (or on any other page on the ExcelTips sites), I've prepared a special page that includes helpful information. Click here to open that special page in a new browser tab.

ExcelTips is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Excel training. This tip (10207) applies to Microsoft Excel 2007, 2010, 2013, 2016, 2019, and Excel in Office 365. You can find a version of this tip for the older menu interface of Excel here: Swapping Two Strings.

Author Bio

Allen Wyatt

With more than 50 non-fiction books and numerous magazine articles to his credit, Allen Wyatt is an internationally recognized author. He is president of Sharon Parq Associates, a computer and publishing services company. ...

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What is three more than 4?

2016-01-10 01:59:51

Rick Rothstein

Similar to Micky's method for eliminating the need for a temporary variable, but using the Replace function instead of the Split function...

Sub Swap_2_Variables1_Without_TempVar()
Dim Var1 As String, Var2 As String
Var1 = "ABC": Var2 = "CBA"
Var1 = Var1 & Var2
Var2 = Replace(Var1, Var2, "")
Var1 = Replace(Var1, Var2, "")
MsgBox "Variable Var1 was swapped to: " & Var1
MsgBox "Variable Var2 was swapped to: " & Var2
End Sub


2014-11-22 13:34:23

Michael (Micky) Avidan

No need for a temporary variable.
Try:
Sub Swap_2_Variables1_Without_TempVar()
Var1 = "ABC": Var2 = "CBA"
Var1 = Var1 & "," & Var2
Var2 = Split(Var1, ",")(0)
Var1 = Split(Var1, ",")(1)
MsgBox "Variable Var1 was swapped to: " & Var1
MsgBox "Variable Var2 was swapped to: " & Var2
End Sub


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