Please Note: This article is written for users of the following Microsoft Excel versions: 2007, 2010, 2013, 2016, 2019, and Excel in Microsoft 365. If you are using an earlier version (Excel 2003 or earlier), this tip may not work for you. For a version of this tip written specifically for earlier versions of Excel, click here: Determining a Worksheet's Number.

# Determining a Worksheet's Number

Written by Allen Wyatt (last updated June 12, 2021)
This tip applies to Excel 2007, 2010, 2013, 2016, 2019, and Excel in Microsoft 365

Lawrence needs a way to determine the number of a worksheet even if the worksheet has been renamed. For instance, if a worksheet is named Sheet11 it is easy enough to figure out that it is sheet 11. If he renames the sheet to January, Lawrence still needs a way to know this is sheet 11.

The solution to this problem is best done with a user-defined function (a macro). There are, in reality, two numbers that the macro could return for each worksheet. The first is the index number for the worksheet. This number represents the index of the worksheet's Worksheet object within the Worksheets collection. This value can be returned by a macro similar to the following:

```Function SheetNumber1(shtname As String)
Dim sht As Worksheet

Application.Volatile
For Each sht In ThisWorkbook.Worksheets
If LCase(sht.Name) = LCase(shtname) Then
SheetNumber1 = sht.Index
Exit Function
End If
Next
SheetNumber1 = -1
End Function
```

This function, when used in a worksheet, will return the index number of any worksheet whose name is passed to the function. If the name that is passed to the function doesn't exist in the worksheets collection, then a value of -1 is returned by the function. For instance, the following used in a cell would return the index value for the worksheet named "January" within the collection:

```=SheetNumber("January")
```

The problem with this approach is that the order of Worksheet objects in the Worksheets collection can change over time. Thus, you can't always assume that the eleventh sheet in the collection is the sheet that was originally Sheet11.

A more consistent way of figuring out the original name for a worksheet (regardless of how it is renamed) is to use what Visual Basic refers to as the sheet's "CodeName." This is a property of the worksheet and can be determined in the following manner:

```Function SheetNumber2(shtname As String)
Dim sht As Worksheet
Dim sTemp As String

Application.Volatile
For Each sht In ThisWorkbook.Worksheets
If LCase(sht.Name) = LCase(shtname) Then
sTemp = sht.CodeName
SheetNumber2 = Val(Mid(sTemp, 6, 4))
Exit Function
End If
Next
SheetNumber2 = -1
End Function
```

The CodeName property is read-only in a macro. It is assigned at the time that the worksheet is created, but it is possible for it to be manually changed within the Visual Basic Editor. The CodeName is always a string, representing the very first name that was applied to the worksheet, so it will be something like "Sheet11". Once the CodeName is set, even if the worksheet is renamed (such as to "January"), it will remain stable ("Sheet11").

In the macro example (SheetNumber2) the CodeName property is assigned to the sTemp variable. This will, most of the time, be something like "Sheet3" or "Sheet11". So, the macro then grabs the numeric value of whatever begins with the sixth character (right after "Sheet"). This is the value that is returned by the function.

Note:

If you would like to know how to use the macros described on this page (or on any other page on the ExcelTips sites), I've prepared a special page that includes helpful information. Click here to open that special page in a new browser tab.

ExcelTips is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Excel training. This tip (11103) applies to Microsoft Excel 2007, 2010, 2013, 2016, 2019, and Excel in Microsoft 365. You can find a version of this tip for the older menu interface of Excel here: Determining a Worksheet's Number.

##### Author Bio

Allen Wyatt

With more than 50 non-fiction books and numerous magazine articles to his credit, Allen Wyatt is an internationally recognized author. He is president of Sharon Parq Associates, a computer and publishing services company. ...

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What is 6 + 3?

2021-06-14 12:32:17

J. Woolley

Re. my previous comment, the built-in SHEET function returns a sheet's Index number, not its CodeName's number. The SHEET function applies to all worksheets (visible, hidden, or very hidden) in addition to all other sheet types (chart, macro, or dialog).

You might also be interested in the freely available VBAResult function in My Excel Toolbox, which returns the result of a VBA expression.
The Index number for a worksheet or chart sheet named January is
=VBAResult("Sheets(""January"").Index")
The CodeName for a worksheet or chart sheet named January is
=VBAResult("Sheets(""January"").CodeName")
The CodeName's number for a worksheet or chart sheet named January is
=VBAResult("Val(Mid(Sheets(""January"").CodeName, 6))")

The MyToolbox.xlam add-in file includes everything in My Excel Toolbox. See https://sites.google.com/view/MyExcelToolbox/

2021-06-12 10:14:38

J. Woolley

The built-in SHEET(...) function was introduced in Excel 2013. See https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/office/sheet-function-44718b6f-8b87-47a1-a9d6-b701c06cff24

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