Please Note: This article is written for users of the following Microsoft Excel versions: 2007, 2010, 2013, and 2016. If you are using an earlier version (Excel 2003 or earlier), this tip may not work for you. For a version of this tip written specifically for earlier versions of Excel, click here: Exiting a For ... Next Loop Early.

Exiting a For ... Next Loop Early

by Allen Wyatt
(last updated May 20, 2019)

3

If you use For ... Next loops in your macro programming (who doesn't?), then you should know that they can take a great deal of time. You can minimize this by only checking what you need. For instance, consider the following code, which checks an array to see if a value exists. If it doesn't, then it adds the value to the end of the array. If it does, then the value is not added.

AddIt = False
For J = 1 to NumEntries
    If NumValues(J) = ToAdd Then AddIt = True
Next J
If AddIt Then
    NumEntries = NumEntries + 1
    NumValues(NumEntries) = ToAdd
End If

This works great, but if the array gets large, you can end up going through the For ... Next loop quite a few times. Now consider the following code, which accomplishes the same task, but dumps out of the For ... Next loop early if a match is detected.

AddIt = False
For J = 1 to NumEntries
    If NumValues(J) = ToAdd Then
        AddIt = True
        Exit For
    End If
Next J
If AddIt Then
    NumEntries = NumEntries + 1
    NumValues(NumEntries) = ToAdd
End If

Now if a match is found early on in the loop, all the rest of the iterations are skipped because the Exit For statement is encountered and the loop is basically exited right away. The result is a faster running macro.

Note:

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ExcelTips is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Excel training. This tip (11335) applies to Microsoft Excel 2007, 2010, 2013, and 2016. You can find a version of this tip for the older menu interface of Excel here: Exiting a For ... Next Loop Early.

Author Bio

Allen Wyatt

With more than 50 non-fiction books and numerous magazine articles to his credit, Allen Wyatt is an internationally recognized author. He is president of Sharon Parq Associates, a computer and publishing services company. ...

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Comments

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What is 2 + 9?

2019-05-21 13:24:56

JMJ

Yes, Doug is right: the test is reversed!


2014-12-01 07:21:49

Doug

Just a note to say that the Addit conditions are reversed in the code. It should be initialized to TRUE and set to FALSE if the value is detected in the loop.


2014-12-01 07:12:18

balthamossa2b

While it's not a good programming practice, I prefer going in and out of loops by using GoTo.

It's useful when you have a "loop of loops", or:

For i = 1 to n
For j = 1 to m
[stuff]
If (whatever) Then GoTo skiploop
Next j

For j = 1 to o
[otherstuff]
If (whatever) Then GoTo skiploop
Next j
skiploop:
Next i



The proper way to do this would be with embedded Ifs or with Booleans used as checks (as in this tip's example), but it's usually too bothersome.

And for big loops it can add too many extra operations that have an effect in the execution time (I'm thinking bruteforcing Project Euler-like stuff; in small loops of, say, <10k iterations you won't see the effect).

Yay for laziness.



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