Please Note: This article is written for users of the following Microsoft Excel versions: 2007, 2010, 2013, and 2016. If you are using an earlier version (Excel 2003 or earlier), this tip may not work for you. For a version of this tip written specifically for earlier versions of Excel, click here: Detecting Hidden Rows.

Detecting Hidden Rows

by Allen Wyatt
(last updated December 15, 2020)


Jesse has a large worksheet that may contain hidden rows. He wonders if there is a way to find out if there are hidden rows in the worksheet other than by looking down the many rows to see what's missing. If he unhides all the hidden rows, he still won't be able to tell what, if any, rows may have been hidden.

One way you can identify hidden rows is to follow these general steps:

  1. In a column that has nothing in it, select all the cells that will cover the area you want to check. (You can select the entire column, if you desire, but that may be overkill.)
  2. Press Alt+; (that's a semicolon). Excel selects only the unhidden cells in the selected range.
  3. Press X (or some other viewable character) and press Ctrl+Enter. This puts the character (X) into all the visible cells.

Unhide all the rows, and you'll be able to easily see which cells in that column don't have the character (X) in them. These are the rows that were previously hidden. You could also, if desired, use the same general approach, but after step 2 (instead of step 3) you could apply some pattern or color to the cells. Once you unhide all the rows, those cells without any pattern or color are the ones that were previously in hidden rows.

If you don't want to unhide rows at all, perhaps the best way to find out the information is to use a macro. The following simple macro steps through the first 1,000 rows of a worksheet and then lists, in a message box, the rows that are hidden.

Sub ShowRows()
    Dim rng As Range
    Dim c As Range
    Dim sTemp As String

    Set rng = Range("A1:A1000")
    sTemp = ""

    For Each c in rng
        If c.EntireRow.Hidden Then
            sTemp = sTemp & "Row " & c.Row & vbCrLf
        End If
    Next c

    If sTemp > "" Then
        sTemp = "The following rows are hidden:" & vbCrLf & _
          vbCrLf & sTemp
        MsgBox sTemp
        MsgBox "There are no hidden rows"
    End If
End Sub

Note that the heart of the macro—where it determines whether a row is hidden or not—is in checking the Hidden property of the EntireRow object. If this property is True, then the row is hidden.


If you would like to know how to use the macros described on this page (or on any other page on the ExcelTips sites), I've prepared a special page that includes helpful information. Click here to open that special page in a new browser tab.

ExcelTips is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Excel training. This tip (12217) applies to Microsoft Excel 2007, 2010, 2013, and 2016. You can find a version of this tip for the older menu interface of Excel here: Detecting Hidden Rows.

Author Bio

Allen Wyatt

With more than 50 non-fiction books and numerous magazine articles to his credit, Allen Wyatt is an internationally recognized author. He is president of Sharon Parq Associates, a computer and publishing services company. ...


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What is nine minus 5?

2020-07-31 12:47:07

J. Woolley

@Joe Schuster
Try this:

Sub HiddenRowsCols()
Dim R As Range, S As String, Msg As String
For Each R In Range(Rows(1), Rows(1000))
If R.Hidden Then ' consider 1000 rows
Msg = Msg & "Row " & R.Row & vbNewLine
End If
Next R
For Each R In Range(Columns(1), Columns(100))
If R.Hidden Then ' consider 100 columns
S = Split(R.Address(, False), ":")(0)
Msg = Msg & "Col " & S & vbNewLine
End If
Next R
If Msg = "" Then
Msg = "There are no hidden rows/cols"
S = "The following rows/cols are hidden:"
Msg = S & vbNewLine & vbNewLine & Msg
End If
MsgBox Msg, vbInformation, "HiddenRowsCols"
End Sub

See the Code window screenshot (see Figure 1 below)

You might also be interested in My Excel Toolbox at

Figure 1. 

2020-07-30 18:25:13

Joe Schuster

Is it possible for you to change that macro so that it shows hidden rows and columns? I thank you for your help.

2016-12-14 16:10:41


In the first method, you can skip step 2. Step 3 will only affect the unhidden cells anyway.

2016-11-14 09:21:59

Ken G

Sharon, I hope your suggestion that hiding rows and columns is dangerous was for specific scenario. There certainly are times when hiding them can be very useful...and SAFE.

2016-11-13 09:08:21


Depending on what you want to do with the Revealed Hidden Rows, an alternative would be to change the Hidden State of all rows so that just the Hidden Rows are now visible and can be dealt with. Run the Sub again to set back to original state.

For Each c in rng
c.EntireRow.Hidden = Not
Next c

2016-11-12 12:15:54

David Gray

This is one of those "why didn't I already think of that?" tips, and it could be easily adapted to find hidden columns, which occur fare more often in my worksheets than do hidden columns, with the exception of filtered worksheets, which provide their own mechanism for identifying hidden rows.

2016-11-12 11:47:15

Sharon Pickthorne

Thanks for this. Funny - I was teaching just the other day about the dangers of HIDING rows or columns. I suggest using GROUP instead - then you have those nice + and - signs and the ability to use the levels. Much safer than hiding.

2016-11-12 08:02:36

Frank Panipinto

If you want to have a quick visual indicator as to which rows are hidden, just add the following line after "sTemp = sTemp & "Row " & c.Row & vbCrLf"

c.EntireRow.Interior.ColorIndex = 28

This will apply a background color to instantly see all the hidden rows once you unhide them. Just change the color number to suit your taste.

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