Please Note: This article is written for users of the following Microsoft Excel versions: 2007, 2010, 2013, 2016, 2019, Excel in Microsoft 365, and 2021. If you are using an earlier version (Excel 2003 or earlier), this tip may not work for you. For a version of this tip written specifically for earlier versions of Excel, click here: Mouse Click Event in VBA.

Mouse Click Event in VBA

Written by Allen Wyatt (last updated April 13, 2024)
This tip applies to Excel 2007, 2010, 2013, 2016, 2019, Excel in Microsoft 365, and 2021


2

Supriyo asked if there is a mouse event handler in VBA. He wants a value inserted in a cell when that cell is clicked on.

The standard way to do this is with the SelectionChange event. Every time the selection changes in the worksheet, the event is triggered. The event doesn't just trigger when a cell is clicked on, but also if someone presses a cursor control key that results in a different cell being selected.

As an example, let's say that you wanted cell B5 to contain the value 10 whenever that cell is selected. To implement that, you could use the following:

Private Sub Worksheet_SelectionChange(ByVal Target As Range)
    If Not Intersect(Target, Range("B5")) Is Nothing Then _
      Range("B5").Value = 10
End Sub

This code is added to one of the sheet objects in the Project Explorer area of the VB Editor. Double-click the worksheet you want the event handler to apply to, and then add the macro to the resulting code window.

When the SelectionChange event is triggered, the target (the cell range being selected) is passed to the handler. The macro then checks to see if the target range contains cell B5, and if it does, stuffs the value 10 into cell B5. If you want to make sure that the macro only stuffs information into B5 if only B5 (the single cell) is selected, you can use this version of the macro:

Private Sub Worksheet_SelectionChange(ByVal Target As Range)
    If Target.Address = Range("B5").Address Then _
      Range("B5").Value = 10
End Sub

Note:

If you would like to know how to use the macros described on this page (or on any other page on the ExcelTips sites), I've prepared a special page that includes helpful information. Click here to open that special page in a new browser tab.

ExcelTips is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Excel training. This tip (12514) applies to Microsoft Excel 2007, 2010, 2013, 2016, 2019, Excel in Microsoft 365, and 2021. You can find a version of this tip for the older menu interface of Excel here: Mouse Click Event in VBA.

Author Bio

Allen Wyatt

With more than 50 non-fiction books and numerous magazine articles to his credit, Allen Wyatt is an internationally recognized author. He is president of Sharon Parq Associates, a computer and publishing services company. ...

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Comments

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What is two more than 7?

2024-04-14 15:40:06

J. Woolley

"Supriyo asked if there is a mouse event handler in VBA. He wants a value inserted in a cell when that cell is clicked on." But he didn't specify the type of mouse click. There are two worksheet mouse click event handlers: Double-click and Right-click.

When a cell is double-clicked using the left mouse button it normally initiates Enter/Edit mode for typing into the cell. An alternate method is to select the cell (or left-click it) and press F2 (or simply start typing). If Supriyo wants cell B5 to contain the value 10 whenever that cell is double-clicked, he can add the following code to the applicable Sheet module:

Private Sub Worksheet_BeforeDoubleClick(ByVal Target As Range, _
    Cancel As Boolean)
    If Intersect(Target, Range("B5")) Is Nothing Then Exit Sub
    Range("B5").Value = 10
    Cancel = True 'do not initiate Enter/Edit mode
End Sub

Right-clicking a cell normally opens its context menu. An alternate method is to select the cell (or left-click it) and press the Menu key (usually right of the Space bar). If Supriyo wants cell B5 to contain the value 10 whenever that cell is right-clicked, he can add the following code to the applicable Sheet module:

Private Sub Worksheet_BeforeRightClick(ByVal Target As Range, _
    Cancel As Boolean)
    If Intersect(Target, Range("B5")) Is Nothing Then Exit Sub
    Range("B5").Value = 10
    Cancel = True 'do not open the context menu
End Sub

It is not necessary to disable events when using these event handlers.


2024-04-13 09:40:08

Alex Blakenburg

Once you add Event Macros to your workbook, you will need to consider disabling and enabling Events when running macros eg without it in the case below the updating of B5 could very well trigger a Worksheet_Change event macro to run.

Private Sub Worksheet_SelectionChange(ByVal Target As Range)
If Target.Address = Range("B5").Address Then
Application.EnableEvents = False
Range("B5").Value = 10
Application.EnableEvents = True
End If
End Sub


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