Please Note: This article is written for users of the following Microsoft Excel versions: 2007, 2010, 2013, and 2016. If you are using an earlier version (Excel 2003 or earlier), this tip may not work for you. For a version of this tip written specifically for earlier versions of Excel, click here: Merging Many Workbooks.
by Allen Wyatt
(last updated July 7, 2018)
Joy ran into a problem merging quite a few workbooks together. The majority of the workbooks—about 200 of them, all in a single folder—each contain a single worksheet, but some contain more. The worksheets forming each of these workbooks needs to be added to a single workbook.
The easiest way to do merges of this magnitude—particularly if you have to do it often—is with a macro. The following macro displays a dialog box asking you to select the files to merge. (You can select multiple workbooks by holding down the Ctrl key as you click each one.) It loops thru the list you select, opening each one and moving all its worksheets to the end of the workbook with the code.
Sub CombineWorkbooks() Dim FilesToOpen Dim x As Integer On Error GoTo ErrHandler Application.ScreenUpdating = False FilesToOpen = Application.GetOpenFilename _ (FileFilter:="Microsoft Excel Files (*.xls?), *.xls?", _ MultiSelect:=True, Title:="Files to Merge") If TypeName(FilesToOpen) = "Boolean" Then MsgBox "No Files were selected" GoTo ExitHandler End If x = 1 While x <= UBound(FilesToOpen) Workbooks.Open FileName:=FilesToOpen(x) Sheets().Move After:=ThisWorkbook.Sheets _ (ThisWorkbook.Sheets.Count) x = x + 1 Wend ExitHandler: Application.ScreenUpdating = True Exit Sub ErrHandler: MsgBox Err.Description Resume ExitHandler End Sub
In the process of adding the worksheets to the end of the workbook, Excel will automatically append a (2), (3), etc. when duplicates worksheet names are detected. Any formulas in the book referring to other sheets will also be updated to reflect the new names.
ExcelTips is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Excel training. This tip (12652) applies to Microsoft Excel 2007, 2010, 2013, and 2016. You can find a version of this tip for the older menu interface of Excel here: Merging Many Workbooks.
Create Custom Apps with VBA! Discover how to extend the capabilities of Office 2013 (Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Outlook, and Access) with VBA programming, using it for writing macros, automating Office applications, and creating custom applications. Check out Mastering VBA for Office 2013 today!
Need to open a bunch of workbooks from within Excel? It's easy to do when you construct a selection set in the Open ...Discover More
As you work with a workbook (particularly one that contains macros) you may notice that the workbook size can become ...Discover More
Have you ever tried to save a workbook, only to be notified that someone else has made changes in it? What if you are the ...Discover More
FREE SERVICE: Get tips like this every week in ExcelTips, a free productivity newsletter. Enter your address and click "Subscribe."
Got a version of Excel that uses the ribbon interface (Excel 2007 or later)? This site is for you! If you use an earlier version of Excel, visit our ExcelTips site focusing on the menu interface.