Johna needs to determine if a particular date is between two other dates. For instance, she may need to determine if November 8, 2018, is between August 1, 2018, and July 31, 2019. She is trying to figure out the formula that will make this determination.

There are actually a wide range of formulas you could use, ranging from the short to the very long. In this tip, though, I'll focus on the shorter formulaic approaches. Before doing so, it is good to remember that dates (and times) are stored internally by Excel as numbers. The portion of the date before the decimal point (the integer portion of the number) is the serial number for the date, and the portion to the right of the decimal place is the time.

Since dates and times are stored as numbers, it becomes a relatively easy task to simply compare the numbers to determine which is higher or lower and if something is between the high and low. For instance, let's assume that you have your starting date (August 1, 2018) in cell A1 and your ending date (July 31, 2019) in cell A2. You could place the date to check into cell D1 and use the following formula:

=IF(AND(D1>=A1,D1<=A2),"Yes","No")

The formula checks to see if the date in D1 is both greater than or equal to A1 and less than or equal to A2. Only if those two conditions are met is "Yes" returned, otherwise "No" is returned. (See Figure 1.)

** Figure 1.** Comparing numbers to determine which is higher or lower and between the high and low.

If you think that the dates include times, then you may want to adjust for that by stripping off the portion of the serial number that represents the time:

=IF(AND(TRUNC(D1,0)>=TRUNC(A1,0),TRUNC(D1,0)<=TRUNC(A2,0)),"Yes","No")

If you are actually comparing text strings and not recognized Excel dates, then you'll need to use the DATEVALUE function to convert the strings into dates:

=IF(AND(DATEVALUE(D1)>=DATEVALUE(A1),DATEVALUE(D1)<=DATEVALUE(A2)),"Yes","No")

The result of using the DATEVALUE function would be similar to the following figure: (See Figure 2.)

** Figure 2.** Comparing text strings using the DATEVALUE function to convert strings into dates.

Each of the formulas, so far, has been the same basic formula; the only thing different between them is the adding of additional functions to compensate for the characteristics of how the dates are stored in the cells. For an entirely different way to determine if a date is between two other dates, you could use the following formulaic approach:

=IF(D1=MEDIAN(D1,A1,A2),"Yes","No")

Since the MEDIAN function is calculated using three numbers, it always returns the number that is between the lower and the higher number. This means that if D1 is really between the other two, it will always be returned; if D1 is not between the other two, then one of the others will be returned.

Interestingly, if you reorganized your data a bit so that the three values were adjacent to each other (for instance, by moving the comparison date from D1 to A3), then you could replace the three separate cell references with a range of the three cells, making the formula even shorter:

=IF(A3=MEDIAN(A1:A3),"Yes","No")

The advantage to using the MEDIAN approach to the AND approach is that you don't need to worry which of the range values (A1 or A2) is the start or the end date for the comparison—the MEDIAN function sorts that all out. (See Figure 3.)

** Figure 3.** Comparing values using the MEDIAN funtion.

*ExcelTips* is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Excel training.
This tip (12742) applies to Microsoft Excel 2007, 2010, 2013, 2016, 2019, and Excel in Office 365.

**Comprehensive VBA Guide** Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) is the language used for writing macros in all Office programs. This complete guide shows both professionals and novices how to master VBA in order to customize the entire Office suite for their needs. Check out *Mastering VBA for Office 2010* today!

The NETWORKDAYS worksheet function can be used to easily determine the number of work days (Monday through Friday) within ...

Discover MoreSometimes it is handy to know how many days are left in the current year. This tip provides a quick formula that ...

Discover MoreExcel includes a large number of functions that can be used in evaluating the data in a worksheet. In this tip you learn ...

Discover More**FREE SERVICE:** Get tips like this every week in *ExcelTips,* a free productivity newsletter. Enter your address and click "Subscribe."

2019-09-01 05:28:09

SteveJez

Assuming your formula as written has a typo, should have parenthesis after B2 & not comma.

Your current formula will return blank - the final argument in the formula. For your formula to work both parts of the AND function must be satisfied in order to return true to the if statement - in your example the value of C2 is returned if the logical test is true.

If there is no end date in column B then the 2nd half of the AND function is not true & therefore the AND function returns false to the IF function, resulting in the FALSE element of the IF function being returned "".

From your description is seems only the start date is important to check, therefore your formula can be reduced to ;

=IF(D1>=A2,C2,"")

I hope I have interpreted your query correctly.

2019-08-31 06:23:05

JD

Example:

Column A1 Start Date, Column B1 End Date, Column C1 Headcount

Data in 2nd row: Start date Jan. 1, 2014 up to Jan.31, 2015, headcount of 7.

FOrmula in Column D2:

=IF(AND(D1>=A2, D1 <= B2, C2, "")

The formula is working fine but the problem is when there is blank or no date in End date column, no value is returned. I would like to return the value in C2 whether there is end date or not. I would like to make use of one formula only that will work whether the End date has data or not.

Your help is very much appreciated. Thanks

2019-07-21 20:19:39

Moi

I am looking to create IF function that does the following.

-If the date is less than the reference date it should mark "Not Due"

-If the date is the same or +3 days the reference date it should mark "Ok"

-If the date is more than 3 days the reference date it should mark "late"

-If it is blank or #N/A it should mark as no update

Thanks I hope you can help me with this one.

2019-05-30 09:27:22

Bob Schaettle

Here's a simple solution that doesn't use any date functions:

=IF((A1-D1)*(A2-D1)<0,"Yes","No")

2019-05-27 02:03:49

Gandhi, Shreepad

Thanks. Use of median is really something unthought of...Cheers

Got a version of Excel that uses the
ribbon interface (Excel 2007 or later)?
**This site is for you!** If you
use an earlier version of Excel, visit
our *ExcelTips* site focusing on the menu interface.

**FREE SERVICE:** Get tips like this every week in *ExcelTips,* a free productivity newsletter. Enter your address and click "Subscribe."

Copyright © 2020 Sharon Parq Associates, Inc.

## Comments