Please Note: This article is written for users of the following Microsoft Excel versions: 2007, 2010, 2013, 2016, 2019, and Excel in Office 365. If you are using an earlier version (Excel 2003 or earlier), this tip may not work for you. For a version of this tip written specifically for earlier versions of Excel, click here: Finding the Smallest Even Value.

Finding the Smallest Even Value

by Allen Wyatt
(last updated September 7, 2019)

1

Emin has a range of cells in which there can be either text or numbers. He needs a way to determine the smallest even number in the range. Emin wonders if this can be done with a formula, or if he needs a user-defined function.

There are a couple of ways you can approach this problem. One method you can try is to use the DMIN function. All that you need is to make sure that you have a header on your data column (such as "MyData") and then create a small criteria field in some out-of-the-way place. For instance, you might want to create the criteria field by placing a header (such as "Min Even") in cell F1 and place the formula =ISEVEN(MyData) in cell F2. Cell F2 evaluates to an #VALUE! error, but that is fine in this case. You can then use the following formula in a different cell:

=DMIN(A1:A100, 1, F1:F2)

If you prefer, you can use an array formula to figure out the lowest even value. Because your data range can contain text as well as numbers, not all array formulas will work, however. For instance, the following will generate an error if there is anything but numbers in the data range:

=MIN(IF(MOD(A1:A100,2)=0,A1:A100))

To make sure you don't get the errors, you need to do some checking in the formula:

=MIN(IF(ISNUMBER(A1:A100),IF(NOT(MOD(A1:A100,2)=0),"",A1:A100)))

Again, remember that this is an array formula, so you need to enter it using Shift+Ctrl+Enter.

If you prefer, you can create a user-defined function that will return the desired value:

Function MinEven(rng As Range)
    Dim rCell As Range
    Dim bNotFound As Boolean

    Application.Volatile
    MinEven = 9.99 * 10 ^ 307
    bNotFound = True
    For Each rCell In rng
        If Application.WorksheetFunction.IsNumber(rCell) Then
            If rCell Mod 2 = 0 Then
                If rCell < MinEven Then
                    MinEven = rCell
                    bNotFound = False
                End If
            End If
        End If
    Next
    If bNotFound Then MinEven = CVErr(xlErrNum)
End Function

To use this macro, simply use the following with a cell of your worksheet:

=MinEven(A1:A100)

If there are no even numbers in the range, the function will return a #Num error.

Note:

If you would like to know how to use the macros described on this page (or on any other page on the ExcelTips sites), I've prepared a special page that includes helpful information. Click here to open that special page in a new browser tab.

ExcelTips is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Excel training. This tip (124) applies to Microsoft Excel 2007, 2010, 2013, 2016, 2019, and Excel in Office 365. You can find a version of this tip for the older menu interface of Excel here: Finding the Smallest Even Value.

Author Bio

Allen Wyatt

With more than 50 non-fiction books and numerous magazine articles to his credit, Allen Wyatt is an internationally recognized author. He is president of Sharon Parq Associates, a computer and publishing services company. ...

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What is two more than 9?

2019-09-07 09:18:59

Willy Vanhaelen

Here is a shorter version of the array formula:
=MIN(IF(ISNUMBER(A1:A100),IF(MOD(A1:A100,2)=0,A1:A100)))

The user defined function (UDF) in this tip is quite complicated and can be replaced by this tiny one-liner:

Function MinEven(rng As Range)
MinEven = Evaluate(Replace("MIN(IF(ISNUMBER(@),IF(MOD(@,2)=0,@)))", "@", rng.Address))
End Function

This is in fact the VBA implementation of the array formula of this tip.
Instead of entering
     =MIN(IF(ISNUMBER(A1:A100),IF(NOT(MOD(A1:A100,2)=0),"",A1:A100)))
followed by Ctrl+Shift+Enter, you can simply enter:
     =MinEven(A1:A100)
with a regular Enter.



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