Bypassing the BeforeClose Event

by Allen Wyatt
(last updated November 5, 2016)

1

If Roy holds down the Shift key when opening a workbook, Excel bypasses the running of any "auto" macros that would normally run, including the Workbook_Open event. He wonders if there is an equally easy way, when closing a workbook, to cause Excel to bypass the Workbook_BeforeClose event.

There is not an equally easy way. That doesn't mean it can't be done, but "equally easy" generally means "something built in; some key to press or setting to make." Such keys and settings to bypass the BeforeClose event just aren't built into Excel.

What you can do is adjust how you program the BeforeClose event so that if a particular condition is met, then the code within the event handler is bypassed. An easy approach is to simply bypass the code if a particular worksheet cell is selected, in this manner:

Private Sub Workbook_BeforeClose(Cancel As Boolean)
    If ActiveCell.Address = "$Z$27" Then Exit Sub
    '
    ' Your normal code here...
    '
End Sub

In this case, if the active cell—the one selected when the BeforeClose event is triggered—happens to be cell Z27, then your regular code in the event handler is skipped. If any other cell is selected, then it isn't skipped. (I purposely picked cell Z27 because it is both esoteric and obscure. You can, of course, change the code to reflect any other cell you desire.)

If you are dead-set on checking to see if the Shift key is being held down, you can do that by utilizing the Windows API. This involves adding some code to the declarations area of a module. This can be a regular module; it doesn't have to be in the ThisWorkbook code window. You just need to make sure it is in the declarations area, before any procedures are declared.

#If VBA7 Then
    Declare PtrSafe Function GetKeyState Lib "USER32" (ByVal vKey As Long) As Integer
#Else
    Declare Function GetKeyState Lib "USER32" (ByVal vKey As Long) As Integer
#End If

Note that the #If VBA7 conditional directive is used so that if you are using Excel 2010 or later, the correct syntax of the declaration will be used so there is no errors on either 32-bit or 64-bit versions of the program.

Now, within your BeforeClose event handler you can do the following:

Private Sub Workbook_BeforeClose(Cancel As Boolean)
    Const VSHIFT = &H10
    Const SHIFTED = &H80

    If GetKeyState(VSHIFT) And SHIFTED Then Exit Sub
    '
    ' Your normal code here...
    '
End Sub

If the Shift key is held down as the BeforeClose event is triggered, then the BeforeClose code is skipped. You should note that it may be a bit difficult to figure out when to hold down the Shift key or if you've held it down long enough. For this reason, I tend to prefer the "check the ActiveCell" approach better, as you can simply select the cell, close the workbook, and forget about it.

ExcelTips is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Excel training. This tip (2628) applies to Microsoft Excel 2007, 2010, 2013, and 2016.

Author Bio

Allen Wyatt

With more than 50 non-fiction books and numerous magazine articles to his credit, Allen Wyatt is an internationally recognized author. He is president of Sharon Parq Associates, a computer and publishing services company. ...

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What is seven more than 7?

2016-11-05 11:27:15

Brian Canes

Ribbon>Developer>Controls>Design Mode off
This will disable events and the BeforeClose will not fire.
Regards
Brian


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