Please Note: This article is written for users of the following Microsoft Excel versions: 2007, 2010, 2013, 2016, 2019, and Excel in Microsoft 365. If you are using an earlier version (Excel 2003 or earlier), this tip may not work for you. For a version of this tip written specifically for earlier versions of Excel, click here: Creating a Directory in a Macro.

Creating a Directory in a Macro

Written by Allen Wyatt (last updated August 24, 2022)
This tip applies to Excel 2007, 2010, 2013, 2016, 2019, and Excel in Microsoft 365


If you need to, you can create a disk-drive directory (folder) using VBA. This is done with the MkDir command and is a remnant from the same command in earlier versions of BASIC. The syntax is:

MkDir DirName

where DirName is the full pathname of the directory you want to create. If you do not use a string variable to specify the directory name, then DirName must be enclosed in quotes. Further, if you don't provide a full pathname in DirName (perhaps you provide only a simple name like "TempFiles" or "MyDirectory"), then the directory is created in the current directory. Finally, if you try to create a directory that already exists, VBA will generate an error.

There is one potential gotcha you need to be aware of: You cannot create multiple levels of directories in a single go. For instance, let's say you have an existing directory called "Budget" on the C: drive, and you try to create the following:

sTemp = "C:\Budget\2019\First Quarter"
MkDir sTemp

You may get an error if the 2019 directory doesn't already exist within the Budget directory. To avoid such an error, you need to build each directory level explicitly, as in this manner:

sTemp = "C:\Budget\2019"
MkDir sTemp
sTemp = sTemp & "\First Quarter"
MkDir sTemp

Why would you want to create a directory in your macro? One common reason is to create a place where you can store temporary files you are working with in the rest of the macro.

Note:

If you would like to know how to use the macros described on this page (or on any other page on the ExcelTips sites), I've prepared a special page that includes helpful information. Click here to open that special page in a new browser tab.

ExcelTips is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Excel training. This tip (8851) applies to Microsoft Excel 2007, 2010, 2013, 2016, 2019, and Excel in Microsoft 365. You can find a version of this tip for the older menu interface of Excel here: Creating a Directory in a Macro.

Author Bio

Allen Wyatt

With more than 50 non-fiction books and numerous magazine articles to his credit, Allen Wyatt is an internationally recognized author. He is president of Sharon Parq Associates, a computer and publishing services company. ...

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