Please Note: This article is written for users of the following Microsoft Excel versions: 2007, 2010, 2013, 2016, 2019, and Excel in Office 365. If you are using an earlier version (Excel 2003 or earlier), this tip may not work for you. For a version of this tip written specifically for earlier versions of Excel, click here: Offering Options in a Macro.

Offering Options in a Macro

by Allen Wyatt
(last updated January 19, 2019)

2

If you are just starting out developing macros, you may be looking for a simple way to offer a set of choices to a user, and then take an action based on the user's response. This is a relatively simple task, if you use the InputBox function along with a Select Case structure.

The first task is to set up your InputBox so it displays the information to the user. For example, let's say you have five options and you want the user to select one option from those five. You can use the following code to put together five options, each on their own line:

Prompt = "1. This is your first choice" & vbCrLf
Prompt = Prompt & "2. This is your second choice" & vbCrLf
Prompt = Prompt & "3. This is your third choice" & vbCrLf
Prompt = Prompt & "4. This is your fourth choice" & vbCrLf
Prompt = Prompt & "5. This is your fifth choice"

You can now use the Prompt string when you invoke the InputBox function in your macro. You then translate what the user responds with into a number that represents their choice from your five options. The code to do this is as follows:

UserResp = InputBox(Prompt, "The Big Question")
UR = Val(UserResp)

In this example, the response from the InputBox function is assigned to the UserResp variable, which should be a string. The UR variable, which is a numeric, is then set based on the value of the string. (The Val function returns the value in a string.)

The only thing left to do is to take an action based on which number was chosen, 1 through 5. You can use the Select Case structure to do this. The full subroutine could appear as follows:

Sub Macro1()
    Dim Prompt As String
    Dim UserResp As String
    Dim UR As Single

    Prompt = "1. This is your first choice" & vbCrLf
    Prompt = Prompt & "2. This is your second choice" & vbCrLf
    Prompt = Prompt & "3. This is your third choice" & vbCrLf
    Prompt = Prompt & "4. This is your fourth choice" & vbCrLf
    Prompt = Prompt & "5. This is your fifth choice"
    UR = 0
    While UR < 1 Or UR > 5
        UserResp = InputBox(Prompt, "The Big Question")
        UR = Val(UserResp)
    Wend
    Select Case UR
        Case 1
            'Do stuff for choice 1 here
        Case 2
            'Do stuff for choice 2 here
        Case 3
            'Do stuff for choice 3 here
        Case 4
            'Do stuff for choice 4 here
        Case 5
            'Do stuff for choice 5 here
    End Select
End Sub

Notice that this example uses a While ... Wend loop around the InputBox function. This is done to make sure that the user enters a number between 1 and 5. If the value entered is outside that range, then the user is simply asked again.

Note:

If you would like to know how to use the macros described on this page (or on any other page on the ExcelTips sites), I've prepared a special page that includes helpful information. Click here to open that special page in a new browser tab.

ExcelTips is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Excel training. This tip (11059) applies to Microsoft Excel 2007, 2010, 2013, 2016, 2019, and Excel in Office 365. You can find a version of this tip for the older menu interface of Excel here: Offering Options in a Macro.

Author Bio

Allen Wyatt

With more than 50 non-fiction books and numerous magazine articles to his credit, Allen Wyatt is an internationally recognized author. He is president of Sharon Parq Associates, a computer and publishing services company. ...

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Comments

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What is four less than 4?

2019-01-21 13:02:10

Preston

Thanks for this tip, Mr. Wyatt! Never thought to use the InputBox that way--simple but elegant. Nice.


2019-01-20 13:45:08

Willy Vanhaelen

The While ... Wend loop used in this tip's macro is obsolete and is still maintained in vba only for backward compatibility. It is better coding practice now to use Do ... Loop.

The While ... Wend loop in this macro has also 2 flaws.
1) The InputBox has an OK and Cancel button but if you click the Cancel button, the input box is displayed again. So if the user changes its mind or realizes he runs the macro by mistake, he has no possibility to quit the macro.
2) If you enter i.e. 2.2 or a letter the macro should display the input box again because it is an illegal entry but instead it doesn't do anything and stops.

Here is my (slightly simplified) version that deals with these flaws:

Sub Macro1()
Dim Prompt As String
Dim UserResp As String
Prompt = _
"1. This is your first choice" & vbCrLf & _
"2. This is your second choice" & vbCrLf & _
"3. This is your third choice" & vbCrLf & _
"4. This is your fourth choice" & vbCrLf & _
"5. This is your fifth choice"
Do
UserResp = InputBox(Prompt, "The Big Question")
If UserResp = "" Then Exit Sub
Loop Until InStr("1×2×3×4×5×", UserResp & "×")
Select Case UserResp
Case "1"
MsgBox "choice 1" 'replace with your code
Case "2"
MsgBox "choice 2" 'replace with your code
Case "3"
MsgBox "choice 3" 'replace with your code
Case "4"
MsgBox "choice 4" 'replace with your code
Case "5"
MsgBox "choice 5" 'replace with your code
End Select
End Sub


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