Using COUNTIF with Colors

Written by Allen Wyatt (last updated July 4, 2022)
This tip applies to Excel 2007, 2010, 2013, 2016, 2019, and Excel in Microsoft 365


Roger is wondering if there is way to use the COUNTIF function using the cell background color as the "if" criteria. He has a calendar and he wants to be able to count the number of days he highlights in purple or other colors.

The short answer is that COUNTIF cannot be used to check for background color or any formatting; it can only test for values. If you only need to figure out the number of purple cells once or twice, you can use Excel's Find and Replace feature to figure it out. Follow these steps:

  1. Select the cells that make up your calendar.
  2. Press Ctrl+F. Excel displays the Find tab of the Find and Replace dialog box.
  3. Click the Options button, if it is available. Excel expands the dialog box. (See Figure 1.)
  4. Figure 1. The Find tab of the Find and Replace dialog box.

  5. Make sure the Find What box is empty.
  6. Click the Format button. Excel displays the Find Format dialog box. (See Figure 2.)
  7. Figure 2. The Find Format dialog box.

  8. Click the Choose Format From Cell button, at the bottom of the dialog box. The Find Format dialog box disappears and the mouse pointer changes to a plus sign with an eyedropper next to it.
  9. Click on a cell that is formatted like those you want to find. (In other words, click on a purple cell.) The mouse pointer returns to normal.
  10. Click Find All. The Find and Replace dialog box expands to list all cells matching the format, and there is a count of the cells at the bottom of the dialog box.
  11. Click Close to dismiss the Find and Replace dialog box.

Of course, these steps might get tedious if you want to count more than a color or two. Or, you may want the count so you can use it in a different calculation of some type. In these instances, you would do better to create a user-defined function that examines the cells and returns a count. One such macro is CountColorIf:

Function CountColorIf(rSample As Range, rArea As Range) As Long
    Dim rAreaCell As Range
    Dim lMatchColor As Long
    Dim lCounter As Long

    lMatchColor = rSample.Interior.Color
    For Each rAreaCell In rArea
        If rAreaCell.Interior.Color = lMatchColor Then
            lCounter = lCounter + 1
        End If
    Next rAreaCell
    CountColorIf = lCounter
End Function

In order to use the macro, all you need to do is provide a cell that has the background color you want tested and the range to be tested. For instance, let's say that cell A57 is formatted with the same purple background color you use in your calendar cells. If the calendar is located in cells A1:G6, then you could use the following to get the count of purple cells:

=CountColorIf(A57, A1:G6)

It should be noted that if you change the color in a cell in your calendar, then you'll need to do something to force a recalculation of the worksheet. It seems that Excel doesn't do an automatic recalculation after changing background color.

There are, of course, many different ways you could approach the problem and develop user-defined functions such as CountColorIf. Here are a few other websites that contain information that may be helpful in this regard:

There are also some third-party add-ons available that you could use. One such add-on suggested by readers is Kutools for Excel. You can find more information on the add-on here:

One final note—the ideas in this tip work fine if you are working with cells that are explicitly filled with colors. They will not work with cells that are colored using Conditional Formatting. That is an entirely different kettle to boil, as Conditional Formatting doesn't really give you anything you can latch onto easily.


If you would like to know how to use the macros described on this page (or on any other page on the ExcelTips sites), I've prepared a special page that includes helpful information. Click here to open that special page in a new browser tab.

ExcelTips is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Excel training. This tip (11725) applies to Microsoft Excel 2007, 2010, 2013, 2016, 2019, and Excel in Microsoft 365.

Author Bio

Allen Wyatt

With more than 50 non-fiction books and numerous magazine articles to his credit, Allen Wyatt is an internationally recognized author. He is president of Sharon Parq Associates, a computer and publishing services company. ...


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What is 3 + 4?

2021-04-22 18:18:42

David Czuba

A better solution is to not use CountIF at all, but to filter your data by color. Place the function =SUBTOTAL(103,[range]) below the last number in the column, then filter by color. The 103 in the function refers to COUNTA (count non-empty cells) and excludes row data hidden by the filter. If the data is in a Table, it’s easier. In Table Design tab, check the box for Total row, then use the Count in the last row of the column, then filter the column data by color.

2019-06-27 22:23:56

Brett Phipps

If it's conditional formatting you can just use the same rules the conditional format used to begin with.

2019-05-06 18:31:04


I'm new at the more intermediate functions of excel - so please bare with me. Here's my question.

Can you determine the value of a cell on one tab based on the text of a cell on a different tab.


On my overall inventory tab
if I type say a "JaxOffice" in cell C3, I want it to subtract or add the value in cell D3 or E3 or F3 from cell D3 or E3 or F3 on another tab. Is there a way to make excel recognize text this way? Colors would be too confusing I think, as there could be a number of options when moving inventory around.

Does this make sense? We store inventory in 5 places. If I have to ship, I have to subtract from tab a and add to tab b or whatever...I'm trying to find if there's a way to do this in one step. Thanks for any help - even if it's "no, that's not possible".

2019-03-19 04:42:47

Kevin Johnson

Would "cell.DisplayFormat.Interior.ColorIndex" give access to the colour set by conditional formatting? The following illustrates filling empty cells having a specific colour set by a conditional format.

Sub cmdUnallocated()
' Set StaffPlan available slots to Unallocated (Unalloc.)
Dim rngStaffPlan As Range
Dim cellSlot As Range
Set rngStaffPlan = Range("StaffPlan")
For Each cellSlot In rngStaffPlan
If cellSlot.DisplayFormat.Interior.ColorIndex = 35 Then cellSlot.Value = "Unalloc."
Next cellSlot
End Sub

2018-11-05 20:42:02


Maybe you folks can help. I have a range of cells with the letter "D" or "N" in them. Some have a font color of black and some are blue. With slight modification of the function above (see below) i can get it to count the total number cells with blue or black letters. What I am trying to do is to be able to count not just the total but the number of blue "N", black "N", blue "D", black "D" as well. Is there a way to change this code to do that?

Function CountColour(rng As Range, clr As Range)
Dim c As Range
For Each c In rng
If c.Font.Color = clr.Font.Color Then
CountColour = CountColour + 1
End If
End Function

2018-10-29 12:42:52

David Robinson

I should think you could replicate some conditional formats by expressing the condition as criteria within the COUNTIF formula itself, and this means you won't need to do the Find All method described above. For a colour scale you'll need to see how the colour thresholds are set and attempt to replicate them in code.

But yes, it does seem tricky, you'll have to resolve each conditional format one at a time.

2018-10-27 21:44:42


"That is an entirely different kettle to boil, as Conditional Formatting doesn't really give you anything you can latch onto easily."

So does that mean it can't be done?

This is something that I've needed for a long time.

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