Please Note: This article is written for users of the following Microsoft Excel versions: 2007, 2010, 2013, and 2016. If you are using an earlier version (Excel 2003 or earlier), this tip may not work for you. For a version of this tip written specifically for earlier versions of Excel, click here: Summing Digits in a Value.
by Allen Wyatt
(last updated May 6, 2020)
If you have a cell that contains a value, you may want to devise a way to add together all the digits in the value. For instance, if a cell contains the value 554, you might want to determine the sum of 5+5+4, which is 14.
There are several ways you can approach this task. (Doesn't that always seem the way in Excel?) The first is to use a formula that relies on several functions:
=SUMPRODUCT(--MID(A1,ROW(INDIRECT("1:" & LEN(A1))),1))
This regular formula will sum the digits in any integer value (in cell A1) in a simple, elegant manner. This is not the only possible formula, however. The following is an array formula (terminated by pressing Ctrl+Shift+Enter) version of the same formula:
Either of these formulas work fine if the value in A1 is a positive whole number. If there are any non-digit characters in the number (such as a negative sign or a decimal point), then the formulas return a #VALUE! error.
These are not the only formulas possible for this type of calculation. You can find some other examples of formulas in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
You can also use a user-defined function to return the desired sum. The following macro steps through each digit in the referenced cell and calculates a total. This value is then returned to the user:
Function AddDigits(Number As Long) As Integer Dim i As Integer Dim Sum As Integer Dim sNumber As String sNumber = CStr(Number) For i = 1 To Len(sNumber) Sum = Sum + Mid(sNumber, i, 1) Next AddDigits = Sum End Function
To use this function, just use a formula such as =AddDigits(A1) in a cell. An even more compact user-defined function (invoked in the same manner) is the following:
Function AddDigits(ByVal N As Long) As Integer Do While N >= 1 AddDigits = AddDigits + N Mod 10 N = Int(N / 10) Loop End Function
Unlike the earlier macro, this version doesn't convert the cell contents to a string in order to process it. Instead, it steps through each digit of the value, stripping off the last digit and adding it to the total.
ExcelTips is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Excel training. This tip (12002) applies to Microsoft Excel 2007, 2010, 2013, and 2016. You can find a version of this tip for the older menu interface of Excel here: Summing Digits in a Value.
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