Please Note: This article is written for users of the following Microsoft Excel versions: 2007, 2010, 2013, 2016, 2019, and Excel in Office 365. If you are using an earlier version (Excel 2003 or earlier), this tip may not work for you. For a version of this tip written specifically for earlier versions of Excel, click here: Pasting Leading Zeroes.
by Allen Wyatt
(last updated September 21, 2019)
Some data requires leading zeroes. The first example that comes to mind is ZIP Codes, in which some have leading zeroes. There are other examples, as well. For instance, you may have a chart of accounts in which general ledger account numbers start with leading zeroes.
When you paste information into Excel, it normally tries to "parse" the data and put it in a format that it can work with. When you paste data that have leading zeroes, and the data could reasonably be construed as numbers, then Excel strips the leading zeroes from what you are pasting. For instance, 0012387 becomes a number value, 12387.
What if you want to retain the leading zeroes? The answer depends on whether you are copying and pasting from a non-Excel source or from data already in an Excel workbook.
If you are copying information from a non-Excel source, such as a text file or even from a website, including the leading zeroes is pretty straightforward. The key (and the part that many people miss) is to make sure that the target cells—the ones that will receive the data being pasted—are formatted as text before you do the pasting. Follow these steps:
Figure 1. The Number tab of the Format Cells dialog box.
You should now be able to paste with absolutely no problem. Formatting the cells as text means that Excel won't try to parse numbers as numbers, instead it will allow them to be pasted into the cells "as they are."
If your data is in an Excel workbook, how you paste can seem a bit confusing at times. The key is to remember that there are two distinct parts to anything you copy and paste—content and formatting of that content.
As an example, let's say that the data you want to copy already has leading zeroes—you can see them on the screen! Sounds great, right? Well, you should select a cell that shows leading zeroes and then look at what you see in the Formula bar. If what you see there does not show the leading zeroes, then the value in the cell is a numeric value formatted to display those leading zeroes, probably using a custom format. If the Formula bar includes the leading zeroes, then the cell is more than likely formatted as text. In either case, you can copy and paste the cell and the formatting should travel with what you copy—meaning that what you paste will include the leading zeroes or at least appear to have leading zeroes.
If you don't want to copy the cell formatting, then you'll need to use Paste Special (click the down-arrow at the right of the Paste tool on the Home tab of the ribbon) to paste just the values. If you paste values into cells previously formatted as text (see earlier in this tip), then the numeric values are thereafter treated as text values. They won't, however, include any leading zeroes because the original numeric values didn't really have any leading zeroes.
ExcelTips is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Excel training. This tip (12477) applies to Microsoft Excel 2007, 2010, 2013, 2016, 2019, and Excel in Office 365. You can find a version of this tip for the older menu interface of Excel here: Pasting Leading Zeroes.
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