Adding Spaces in Front of Capital Letters

Written by Allen Wyatt (last updated February 3, 2023)
This tip applies to Excel 2007, 2010, 2013, 2016, 2019, and Excel in Microsoft 365

Muhammad has a long list of company names in a worksheet. Each company's name has somehow had all spaces removed, so that (for example) they appear as "AstroPhysics" instead of "Astro Physics." Muhammad needs a way to process all the company names to insert a single space between any occurrence of a capital letter, except for the first letter in the cell. He wonders if there is an easy way to do this.

There are a few ways that you can go about adding the spaces. Before getting to the inevitable macro-based solutions, you might want to examine the company names. It could be that there is simply a non-printing character between each word in the name, instead of a space. You can determine this by editing the cell, positioning the insertion point a few characters before a capital letter, and then pressing the right arrow several times. You should see the insertion point move a single space to the right after each press; if it seems to "hesitate" where the space should be, then there is a non-printing character there.

In this case, the best solution is to do a Find and Replace operation to replace the non-printing character with an actual space. (You can select the non-printing character—hold down the Shift key as you press the right arrow over where you believe it to be—and copy it. Then paste it into the Find What box to do your search.)

Assuming the data doesn't have any non-printing characters in it, you might also try using a non-macro approach. Perhaps the simplest approach is to add a helper column or two. In the first you can enter a formula to figure out the position of the second uppercase letter within the company name. Assuming the company name is in cell A1, the formula, which follows, should be entered as an array formula:

```=SMALL(FIND(0,SUBSTITUTE(A1,CHAR(ROW(INDIRECT("65:90"))),0)&0),2)
```

If this formula was entered into cell B1, then you could use the following to insert the space into the original company name:

```=LEFT(A1,B1-1)&" " & RIGHT(A1,(LEN(A1)-B1)+1)
```

There is a huge drawback to this approach, however: It assumes that your original data follows a very strict format. It works marvelously with company names that start with a capital letter and that require the insertion of only a single space. If the name doesn't fit these parameters, then it won't work as expected.

Of course, you can overcome these issues if you use a macro to insert the spaces. The following is a simple approach that looks at each character in the cell. If the character is an uppercase letter, then a space is inserted before the character. When the macro is done, the string is stuffed back into the cell.

```Function Add_Spaces(ByVal sText As String) As String
Dim CharNum As Long
Dim FixedText As String
Dim CharCode As Long

FixedText = Left(sText, 1)

For CharNum = 2 To Len(sText)
CharCode = Asc(Mid(sText, CharNum, 1))
If CharCode >= 65 And CharCode <= 90 Then
FixedText = FixedText & " " & Mid(sText, CharNum, 1)
Else
FixedText = FixedText & Mid(sText, CharNum, 1)
End If
Next CharNum

End Function
```

Using the macro is simple; if the company name is in cell A1, then the following is used:

```=Add_Spaces(A1)
```

A more compact approach is to rely on regular expressions to locate the capital letters and insert a space, as shown in the following:

```Function SplitCaps(str As String) As String
Dim objRegex As Object
Set objRegex = CreateObject("vbscript.regexp")

With objRegex
.Global = True
.Pattern = "([a-z])([A-Z])"
SplitCaps = .Replace(str, "\$1 \$2")
End With
End Function
```

This particular macro technique requires that you enable regular expressions. You do this in the VB Editor by choosing Tools | References and then scrolling through the available references to locate the Microsoft VBScript Regular Expressions 5.5 option. Make sure the check box to the left of the reference is selected, then click OK. You can then utilize the SplitCaps function from within Excel in the same way you could use the Add_Spaces function.

Of course, the appropriateness of any approach will depend, in large part, on the characteristics of the data you are working with. If your original company names include multiple sequential capital letters (such as "ABCCorp.") then you will end up with too many spaces in your output, such that "ABCCorp." becomes "A B C Corp." instead of "ABC Corp.". Also, non-letter characters may throw a wrench in the works such that "H&M" becomes "H& M" or remains as "H&M" (depending on the macro approach you use).

In an effort to overcome some of these odd-ball company names, you might try a different macro approach that checks to see if there are multiple sequential capital letters and adjusts the output accordingly.

```Sub AddSpaces()
Dim i As Integer
Dim j As Integer
Dim PriorCap As Boolean
Dim temp As String

j = 1

Do While Cells(j, 2) <> ""
Cells(j, 3) = ""
PriorCap = True
For i = 1 To Len(Cells(j, 2))
Select Case Mid(Cells(j, 2), i, 1)
Case "A" To "Z", "-"
If PriorCap = False Then
Cells(j, 3) = Cells(j, 3) & " " & _
Mid(Cells(j, 2), i, 1)
Else
Cells(j, 3) = Cells(j, 3) & _
Mid(Cells(j, 2), i, 1)
End If
PriorCap = True
Case Else
Cells(j, 3) = Cells(j, 3) & _
Mid(Cells(j, 2), i, 1)
PriorCap = False
End Select
Next i
j = j + 1
Loop
End Sub
```

Note:

If you would like to know how to use the macros described on this page (or on any other page on the ExcelTips sites), I've prepared a special page that includes helpful information. Click here to open that special page in a new browser tab.

ExcelTips is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Excel training. This tip (12810) applies to Microsoft Excel 2007, 2010, 2013, 2016, 2019, and Excel in Microsoft 365.

Author Bio

Allen Wyatt

With more than 50 non-fiction books and numerous magazine articles to his credit, Allen Wyatt is an internationally recognized author. He is president of Sharon Parq Associates, a computer and publishing services company. ...

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What is nine minus 3?

2019-04-15 18:25:57

Yvan Loranger

The formula =LEFT(A1,B1-1)&" " & RIGHT(A1,(LEN(A1)-B1)+1)
could be replaced with =SUBSTITUTE(A1,MID(A1,B1,1)," " &MID(A1,B1,1),1)
or even shorter with =REPLACE(A1,B1,0," ").

2019-04-09 11:15:13

Willy Vanhaelen

@David
I tried your function but it doesn't work. Neither with ABCCorp nor with H&M. But you are right the approach used in this tip's last macro to solve this is wrong because it leaves ABCCorp untouched. Instead of checking if the previous character is a capital letter you have to see if the following letter is lower case.

This macro deals with it and gives the right results and is (again) much shorter than this tip's one.

Dim i As Integer, j As Integer
Dim tmp As String, txt As String
Dim chr1 As String, chr2 As String
For i = 1 To Cells(1, 2).End(xlDown).Row
txt = Cells(i, 2)
tmp = Left(txt, 1)
For j = 2 To Len(txt)
chr1 = Mid(txt, j, 1)
chr2 = Mid(txt, j + 1, 1)
tmp = tmp & IIf(chr1 < "a" And chr2 > "Z", " ", "") & chr1
Next j
Cells(i, 3) = tmp
Next i
End Sub

In this macro the name with added space is made-up in vba and the final result is copied to the sheet which is much faster.

2019-04-08 09:04:42

David Robinson

Typo in my code: should be CharCode1 <= 122

2019-04-08 05:51:21

David Robinson

I would seek a lower case letter followed by an upper case letter. I took your macro and modified it slightly:

Function Add_Spaces(ByVal sText As String) As String
Dim CharNum As Long
Dim FixedText As String
Dim CharCode1 As Long, CharCode2 As Long

FixedText = Left(sText, 1)

For CharNum = 2 To Len(sText)
CharCode1 = Asc(Mid(sText, CharNum - 1, 1))
CharCode2 = Asc(Mid(sText, CharNum, 1))
If CharCode1 >= 97 And CharCode2 <= 122 And CharCode2 >= 65 And CharCode2 <= 90 Then
FixedText = FixedText & " "
End If
FixedText = FixedText & Mid(sText, CharNum, 1)
Next CharNum

End Function

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