 Please Note: This article is written for users of the following Microsoft Excel versions: 2007, 2010, 2013, 2016, 2019, Excel in Microsoft 365, and 2021. If you are using an earlier version (Excel 2003 or earlier), this tip may not work for you. For a version of this tip written specifically for earlier versions of Excel, click here: Displaying a Number as Years and Months.

# Displaying a Number as Years and Months Written by Allen Wyatt (last updated November 18, 2023)
This tip applies to Excel 2007, 2010, 2013, 2016, 2019, Excel in Microsoft 365, and 2021

Robert has a formula that determines the payback period for certain investments. For instance, with \$20,000 investment in energy-savings equipment and an annual energy savings of \$3000, the simplistic payback period to recoup the investment is 6.6667 years. Robert wonders how he can make this payback period (6.6667) show as years and months instead of as a decimal number.

This can be done by simply multiplying the portion of the answer at the right of the decimal point by 12, which results in a number of months. Here is one way to get the desired result, assuming that the payback result is in cell A1:

```=INT(A1) & " years / " & ROUNDUP((A1-INT(A1))*12,0) & " months"
```

With the value 6.6667 in cell A1, the formula would return "6 years / 8 months".

If you are using Microsoft 365, you also have access to the LET function. Using this you can make your formula more complex, but it ends up being more versatile. Here's an example:

```=LET(A, ROUNDUP(A1*12,0)/12, Y, INT(A), M, ROUNDUP((A-Y)*12,0),
Y & IF(Y=1, " year", " years") & IF(M=0, " exactly", " / " &
M & IF(M=1, " month"," months")))
```

Even though I've shown the formula on three lines here, remember that it is a single, long formula. The LET function allow you to define variables that can be used in your formula. In this case, the pertinent variables being defined are Y (the number of years) and M (the number of months). The formula returns, in Robert's case, "6 years / 8 months" (just like the earlier formula), but it really shines if the number of months is 0 or 1. If it is 0, then the formula returns something like "6 years exactly", and if the number of months is 1, then it would return something like "6 years / 1 month" (note the lack of plural "months"). If will even handle "year" and "years" correctly.

ExcelTips is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Excel training. This tip (12485) applies to Microsoft Excel 2007, 2010, 2013, 2016, 2019, Excel in Microsoft 365, and 2021. You can find a version of this tip for the older menu interface of Excel here: Displaying a Number as Years and Months.

##### Author Bio

Allen Wyatt

With more than 50 non-fiction books and numerous magazine articles to his credit, Allen Wyatt is an internationally recognized author. He is president of Sharon Parq Associates, a computer and publishing services company. ...

##### MORE FROM ALLEN

AutoText Entries Don't Stick

AutoText can be a great tool, but it is of little worth if you can't get Word to remember the AutoText entries you ...

Discover More

Cannot Convert a Document File to a Readable Document

Open a Word document file, and you can start to make edits and changes to your heart's content. But what happens if the ...

Discover More

Error Using ATAN2 Function in Macro

Excel allows you to use worksheet functions from within macros. This is helpful, especially when you are trying to ...

Discover More Save Time and Supercharge Excel! Automate virtually any routine task and save yourself hours, days, maybe even weeks. Then, learn how to make Excel do things you thought were simply impossible! Mastering advanced Excel macros has never been easier. Check out Excel 2010 VBA and Macros today!

##### More ExcelTips (ribbon)

Want to add an ordinal suffix to a number, as in 2nd, 3rd, or 4th? Excel doesn't provide a way to do it automatically, ...

Discover More

Days Left in the Year

Sometimes it is handy to know how many days are left in the current year. This tip provides a quick formula that ...

Discover More

Incrementing Months in Dates

Excel can easily store dates. If you want to increment a date by one month, there are a number of ways you can accomplish ...

Discover More
##### Subscribe

FREE SERVICE: Get tips like this every week in ExcelTips, a free productivity newsletter. Enter your address and click "Subscribe."

If you would like to add an image to your comment (not an avatar, but an image to help in making the point of your comment), include the characters [{fig}] (all 7 characters, in the sequence shown) in your comment text. You’ll be prompted to upload your image when you submit the comment. Maximum image size is 6Mpixels. Images larger than 600px wide or 1000px tall will be reduced. Up to three images may be included in a comment. All images are subject to review. Commenting privileges may be curtailed if inappropriate images are posted.

What is six more than 3?

2023-11-18 15:41:44

J. Woolley

The Tip's formulas do not yield its reported results. The first formula should be corrected by using ROUND instead of ROUNDUP, so it becomes:
=INT(A1) & " years / " & ROUND((A1-INT(A1))*12,0) & " months"

Here is simpler version:
=INT(A1) & " years / " & INT(MOD(A1*12,12)) & " months"

The second formula should also be corrected by using ROUND instead of ROUNDUP (all on one line):
=LET( Y, INT(A1), M, ROUND((A1-Y)*12,0), Y & IF(Y=1, " year", " years") &
IF(M=0, " exactly", " / " & M & IF(M=1, " month"," months")))

Here is another version (all on one line):
=LET( Y, INT(A1), M, INT(MOD(A1*12,12)), Y & IF(Y=1, " year", " years") &
IF(M=0, " exactly", " / " & M & IF(M=1, " month"," months")))

And here is a simpler one based on Willy Vanhaelen's method for plural values (all on one line):
=LET( Y, INT(A1), M, INT(MOD(A1*12,12)), Y & LEFT(" years",4+Y) &
IF(M=0, " exactly", " / " & M & LEFT(" months",5+M)))

Finally, it is possible to specify a custom Fraction Number format for cell A1 instead of adding a text formula to another cell. This custom format
0 "and" 0/12 "yr"
will display 6.6667 as
6 and 8/12 yr

##### This Site

Got a version of Excel that uses the ribbon interface (Excel 2007 or later)? This site is for you! If you use an earlier version of Excel, visit our ExcelTips site focusing on the menu interface.